Fungal infections can occur almost anywhere in the body, but are most common in places where two skin surfaces meet, such as under the arms, breasts, and in the genital area. Other than that, any warm and moist location in our organism can potentially host a spread of fungal spores, be that inside the body or on its surface. Depending on the circumstances and the infection route, the affected areas can include the mouth and throat, nose and nasal cavities, eyes, lungs, genital area, the bladder, and anywhere else in the body where the spores can be carried via the bloodstream, and even the blood itself can get to be contaminated by the fungi.
Few of the key fungal infection facts include:
- Topical infections caused by a fungus are commonly diagnosed by a red, bumpy, irritated, coarse or scaly rash affecting the region where the unpleasant symptoms are present.
- Fungal infections on one part of the body can cause unpleasant symptoms on other, seemingly unrelated regions of the organism - a fungal infection affecting the feet can also produce a rash that spreads to the fingers or the abdomen. These effects are not caused by the spread of the infection itself, but are in fact the result of an allergic reaction taking place in response to the fungus.
- While the actual type of fungi and the severity of infection vary greatly from one case to another, the treatment for fungal infections is usually fairly simple and does not take more than two weeks time. Most common infections, such as yeast infection, can be treated with merely a single pill of an anti-fungal drug Fluconazole and be taken care of completely.
Types of Fungal Infections
Listed below are some of the most commonly encountered forms of fungal infections:
- Fungal Skin Infection - the most common type of infection caused by various types of fungi. It can occur anywhere on the surface of the body, usually where two skin surfaces stick to each other, or in areas with a moist and warm environment. Ringworm, jock itch and athlete's foot are among the most common fungal skin infections.
- Fungal Nail Infection - this type of infection makes the nails on hands and feet become thick, discolored, and malformed. The fungi affect keratin, one of the key components nails are made from. The infection usually spreads slowly, but will eventually affect adjacent fingernails if left untreated. Fungal nail infection affects toes more often than it does fingernails on hands.
- Fungal Sinus Infection - this type of infection involves an overgrowth of a specific type of fungi, usually Aspergillus molds, in the sinuses, causing a number of mildly unpleasant symptoms. Usually only one of the sinuses is affected, and the infection does not spread aggressively. The diagnosis is usually performed using an MRI or CT scan.
- Vaginal Yeast Infection - is another name given to a rather common condition known as vaginal candidiasis - the inflammation and irritation of the soft tissues in and around the vagina caused by the activity of fungi. We will talk more about this particular condition and its symptoms in the section below.
Yeast Infection Symptoms Explained
Vaginal yeast infection can be easily diagnosed if you visit a physician, and you can just as easily figure it out yourself if you know what symptoms to look for.
If you have had a yeast infection before, and you are not pregnant, you can safely get treatment at home with an over-the-counter medication, as long as you can identify the symptoms:
- Burning sensation in and around the genitalia,
- Mild to severe itching and irritation,
- Sharp pain or burning when urinating,
- Pain and discomfort during intercourse,
- Redness and swelling of the vulva,
- Grey or milky vaginal discharge.
Yeast infection treatment with Diflucan
Once you are sure that your symptoms all point to a yeast infections, you can start with the treatment. Your choice will naturally be split between several medications, including an antifungal cream, vaginal suppositories, or oral tablets to swallow. Every medication has its own specifics with yeast infection treatment, but the most convenient by far is an oral antifungal agent, such as Diflucan (Fluconazole). All you need is a single pill, and the infection will be cured, just like that. You can read more about this medication and the details of treatment with it on its corresponding page.